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Grape Varieties

The varieties used for the production of Quinta da Penina wines are traditional Portuguese and some French of recognized quality.

Negra Mole

The only native Algarve variety. Their fruits has ligth rose color and can reach hight sugar levels. Vinificated alone it origins very good rosé wines, with salmon color, fruity (strawberry), slightly acidic and light tannins. Blended with other red grapes has a good oenological behavior giving rise to light colored wines, aromatic, better structured, with smooth tannins and slightly sweetened.

Petit Verdot

Red grape variety originating in southwestern France (Médoc) considered to improve Bordeaux wines. Practically without expression in Portugal. In the Algarve, Quinta da Penina was a pioneer in its plantation and in the production of single-varietal wines When it is very ripe, it produces very powerful, rich, full-bodied and tannic wines. It presents aromas of black fruits (blackberry), spices, pencil shavings, tar and flavors such as leather and tobacco. These are quality aging wines that, in batches, can add body, color and vivacity to less exuberant wines.


A native Portuguese red grape variety, spread throughout the country and with a great tradition in the Algarve, as it is well adapted to hot climates and sandy terrain. Musts with medium natural acidity and high alcohol content. It produces wines with an intense garnet color and aromas of black plum in raisin, herbs (associated with spices) and some pepper. With evolution, it develops aromas of jams, with complexity and finesse. In the mouth they are soft, with some acidity.

Cabernet Sauvignon

French red grape variety from the Bordeaux area. Probably the most planted variety in the world. It allows to obtain wines with a very interesting tannic structure. They are generally suitable for aging and aging in wood. The vegetal aromas of this variety give way to much more pleasant and complex aromas, when the maturation is optimal.


Red Iberian variety, it is cultivated in different regions, presenting itself in general with a medium to high vigor and high production homogeneity. Since there is no known incompatibility with traditional and invigorating rootstocks, it prefers deep, well-drained soils with low water availability and a dry and very hot climate. The wines obtained are soft to the taste and well provided with coloring matter and aromatically intense and complex, developing aromas of plums and wild berries.

Alicante Bouschet

Born between the marriage of the Petit Bouschet and Grenache varieties, when vinified, it appears with firmness, tannins and lots of color. The most Portuguese foreign dye grape variety in Portugal, of French origin (Languedoc) capable of providing intense wines with a deep color, rooted in Alentejo lands, where vines are more than 100 years old. Increasingly used for reds from North to South of Portugal, it works wonders when mixed with other varieties, adding volume, structure, concentration and enormous aging capacity to the wines. Aromatic descriptions: wild berries, cocoa, olives. Alicante pairings: fatty meats, roasts.

Touriga Nacional

Portuguese autochthonous red grape variety, originating in the North of Portugal (Douro and Beira). Of great oenological value in a hot zone, with high intensity of color components, aroma and great complexity. Musts with medium/high acidity and high alcohol content, produce wines of great quality, soft, round and warm, reminiscent of very ripe, dark red wild berries, with floral aromas where violet predominates and a sweet scent reminiscent of rock rose. Wines with great aging capacity.


French red grape variety from the Côtes du Rhône. It produces red wines with good alcohol content, suitable for aging and of very good quality. They usually have an intense color, very aromatic, fine and complex (violet, olive, leather...) with strong tannins and relatively little acid. With this variety you can also obtain very fruity and interesting rosé wines.


French white grape variety from the Rhône region. It produces wines with a light golden color, with aromas of flowers (acacia, violet and honey), spices and fruits where peach and apricot stand out. It has low acidity and high alcohol content. It is sometimes used to soften and perfume red Syrah wines. It should be used in batches with more acidic and less aromatic varieties.


Portuguese autochthonous white variety from the Douro region. It has a medium natural acidity (4-6 g/l ac. tart.), and probable very good alcohol (13-14% vol.). It has good potential for elemental or batch wine. It has excellent blending in batches with Sercial and Crato Branco (Síria). It produces wines of great quality, with good aging capacity, good aromatic intensity, reminiscent of chamomile, plum, forming a fruity bouquet with some complexity. In the mouth it is enveloping, with medium acidity, good body and pleasant retronasal aroma.


Autochthonous Portuguese white variety grown throughout the country. It has a high must acidity and medium alcohol content. It produces citrus-toned wines with a high aging capacity. The wines have aromas of some citrus fruit, sometimes mineral. Over the years, honey aromas develop. In the mouth they are acidic with notes of fruit and some complexity.

Crato Branco (Síria)

Portuguese white grape variety widespread in the country where it is also known as Syria and Roupeiro. To enhance all its qualities, it requires warm soils and a warm, moderate climate, without rain in August/September. It produces wines with a medium alcoholic degree and acidity, with citrus tones, intense, fine aroma, with notes of underripe tropical fruits and citrus. In the Algarve you can also produce liqueur wines of great quality.


Autochthonous white grape variety, with medium bunches and small yellowish green berries. It is an early maturing variety, with average vigor and productivity in general; prefers dry soils and a moderate climate, showing good adaptation to mechanical harvesting. Its high natural acidity makes it interesting for the preparation of blends with less acidic varieties. It produces wines of high quality and with a reasonable aging capacity, they present aromas of medium intensity, such as orange blossoms with more vegetal notes, presenting themselves with vivacity, freshness and some persistence in the mouth.

Códega do Larinho

Côdega de Larinho comes from the extreme northeast of Portugal, where the wines produced have a very fruity character. This grape guarantees high yields, with dense bunches. A medium ripening variety, it produces wines of good complexity, fruity (tropical fruits) and floral, not always of sufficient freshness due to its low acidity, but with an excellent aromatic profile and great persistence.


Portuguese white grape variety, very old, originating in the North of Portugal. It has high natural acidity (6-9 g/l ac. tart.) and very good alcohol content (14% vol.). In the Algarve it reveals a good mineral and citric acidity, noble aromas of green fruits and mineral notes. An improving variety, it produces excellent wines, with good aging capacity.